Posted by: Dawud Israel | December 3, 2008

Hadith Notes from Sunan Ibn Majah Vol.5

Bismillah

Well, I’ve been spending more time learning especially from the books of hadith. I do this weekly and take notes on what I learn. I’ll try to share things from time to time, but mainly these are for my own benefit so don’t expect a massive amount of accuracy or detail. I’m not a hadith scholar, just a humble student wannabe.

These are from the Darussalam translation but there is minimal commentary. Sunan Ibn Majah is thought to be the sixth of the six books of hadith (al-Bukari, Muslim, al-Tirmidhi, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan an-Nasai, Sunan Ibn Majah). Some contest it that Imam Malik’s Muwatta holds the sixth status, but I think that’s irrelevant because any lover of hadith would love them all, especially since there are many many other books of hadith. The scholars commented on Sunan Ibn Majah saying when it was first written, that it if it got to the masses of Muslims it would make all the other current books of their day worthless (i.e. they would have no need for any book other than this one).

These are all from Vol. 5 of Sunan Ibn Majah, mainly from the sections on etiquette and also zuhd. I usually do not narrate the whole ahadith but just give you the paraphrased versions that I wrote down (or recall) and at times mention the hadith in full with source. So if you want a source, it’s all in Sunan Ibn Majah but remember in all of these, it is the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam saying these things.

Here we go…

If someone came to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam’s house and the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam was praying, he salallahu alayhi wasalam, would clear his throat (kind of like a dry cough) to indicate that he was praying.This is a useful tip for when people are around you and you want to focus on salaah, although I believe there are also some ahadith about how one can return salaam during one’s prayer, but don’t quote me on that.

If a Muslim makes an excuse, and his brother doesn’t accept it, it’s as if he has being a tax-collector to him. I don’t recall the whole thing, so that might be a little inaccurate, but I wanted to mention this because, sometimes Muslims try and get someone to come to their MSA event or to the masjid, a brother makes an excuse and we start to interrogate him saying, he’s really going to do this instead.

Honoring the father is the middle door to Jannah, so decide if you want to keep this door open.

Upholding the ties that one’s father made with others and honoring these people, is part of honoring one’s father, even after he passes away.

Shaking hands with Muslims is better than hugging them.

The Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam would greet women when they walked by (as opposed to ignoring them like brothers do today)

Every ummah has a cardinal trait about it that defines it, and the cardinal trait of this ummah is modesty- and modesty is definitely the big thing among Muslims. Forbearance is also mentioned alongside this in some ahadith and this is important because forbearance combines patience and self-control. And lack of patience and self-control is really the true cause of terrorism.

Relating to the above, another hadith says, if one controls their anger, Allah will let them to choose from any of the hour al-ayn in Jannah. Which means, that it doesn’t matter if they are in the first heaven they can be with a houri from the seventh Jannah and this just stresses the importance of controlling one’s anger. Another hadith in that section mentions how there is no gulp that one takes better than the gulping down of one’s anger so that one can see the Face (Wajh) of Allah.

Raising three daughters and treating them kindly and taking care of them is an act rewarded with Jannah. Raising two daughters will be a shield for one from the Hellfire. I had heard a brother tell this hadith and was one reason why he wanted to have daughters.

Praising your brother is like cutting him. It hurts him and makes him proud. I found this hadith interesting because it occurs in the chapters on etiquette, but there are other hadith in the chapters on zuhd (asceticism) that say, if you hear praise for your actions, than consider it as the first glad tidings from Allah and a sign of you going in the right direction. I would expect these two hadith to be switched in which section they are mentioned in, but I think, Ibn Majah al-Qazwini (rahimullah) put them in those specific sections because, the proud laymen would look in the etiquette section, and read a hadith that ostracized him, while the humbling self-reproaching zahid would read the zuhd section and not be so zealous against praise. So there is a balance in the words of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam.

One should not sit in the junction between the shade and sun, so that half them is dark and the other has sunlight on it, but rather sit all in the shade or all in the sun. I like this hadith because it’s almost metaphorical of other hadith to avoid what we call today, “the gray areas” and if we feel uncomfortable about certain things that we should avoid them- this one is in Riyadus Saliheen.

There is a hadith about a joke some Sahabas played on each other a year before the death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam. Suwaibit and Nu’aiman were traveling with Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhum). And one of the first two (it’s contested who played the prank and who was the victim) was known for joking around and so as they passed by a group of people he told them, that his friend is really a slave and that he will sell him to them for some camels. He also told them that he will tell you he’s not a slave but not to believe him, because he’s like that. So they went and took him away as their slave. Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) found out and went to them and ransomed him back with the camels.

I thought this was a really hilarious prank to play. The lesson is that as long as your not mocking, it’s alright to joke, but not to the extent that it deadens one’s heart. And for one year the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam and others would keep re-telling this story.

White hairs are from the light of the believer, so it’s not allowed for Muslims to pluck them.

Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam said: “Oh people you should observe moderation! Oh people you should observe moderation! Oh people you should observe moderation! For Allah does not get tired (of giving reward) but you get tired.”
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, 37, 28/4241.

Also Muslims will be the first nation to be brought forth on the Day of Judgment. Allah will bring them forth and they will be given permission to bow down (or prostrate) to Allah for a time. And then after a while of bowing they will raise their head- and a portion of them will go to the Hellfire and, because of that portion being removed from the ummah and being sent to Hell (i.e. as a ransom), the others will be allowed to enter Jannah. The commentators mention that everybody has a spot reserved in Jannah or Naar (Hellfire) and that when one Muslim goes to Jannah, others have to be ransomed for them.

Anas bin Malik radiallahu anhu said, Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam said: “This nation has been granted mercy in the Hereafter and its torment in this world is at the hands of one another. When the Day of Resurrection comes, each Muslim man will be given a man from among the idolaters and it will be said: This is your ransom from the Fire.”
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, 37, 34/4292.

(Interesting how the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam knew that Muslims would be the ones to torment each other..hmmm…)

This reminds me of a humbling story (I don’t recall from where) in where Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) made dua, “Oh Allah! Make me so large that I may take up all the space in Jahannam so that no one may ever enter it except for me!” When the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasalam heard this he said, “Abu Bakr has achieved piety.”

Lastly, here is an awesome hadith I found yesterday that I took notes on. I think it applies to both sinners and saints, the lost and the found, and for that matter, just about the best advice one can get in any situation because often we don’t really know where we are in our progress in arriving to Allah subhana wa ta’ala. And you’ll realize this when you contemplate this hadith it’s greatness.

Abu Dharr al-Ghifari radiallahu anhu said that the Prophet of Allah salallahu alayhi wasalam said:
“Indifference towards this world does not mean forbidding what is permitted, or squandering wealth, rather indifference towards this world means not thinking that what you have in your hand is more reliable than what is in Allah’s Hand, and it means feeling that the reward for a calamity that befalls you is greater than that which the calamity made you miss out on.” (daif)
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 5, Chapters on Zuhd (37), Ch. 1, 4100.

Hisham said: Abu Idris al-Khawlani said: “The likeness of this Hadith compared to other Ahadith is like that of pure gold compared to ordinary gold.”

Think about that one.

Subhana kallahumma wa bihamdika ash-haduana la illaha illa ant astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk, Ameen.


Responses

  1. I really like reading books of hadith.

    It’s just like sitting and making dhikr or reciting Quran. You feel that same freshness and sakina and you stay focused and so involved.

    It’s also great because you peer into the sociology of the first three generations. And also see the psychology of the life of Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasalam.

  2. thanks, this is very nice. you have a nice heart. i really appreciate the ahadith you mentioned. May Allah bless Prophet Muhammad (s).

  3. Alhamdu lillah

  4. Can any one know the detailed meaning of hadith: “There is no wisdom like reflection, and no honor like good manners.” Sunan Ibn Majah, Zuhd
    Book 37, Hadith 4358


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